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Polystichum setiferum:                                                                                    BACK   MAP

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Polystichum setiferum   (Forssk.) Woyn.                                                               Soft Shield Fern

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Light 4. Wetness 5. pH 6.5-8. Fertility 6.  Height <1.5m                                                                                                            Native.

Native. A large fern with soft textured, fully bipinnate, arching fronds, grass-green when mature, and semi-wintergreen, persisting, though often well tattered until the new fronds flush in the spring. Less winter hardy  than P. aculeatum. A lowland fern occurring most abundantly in river-valley deciduous woodland, along the banks of sheltered streams, and along lanes and shady hedgerows in the south and west of England, Wales and Ireland (Page 1997). It needs a fair amount of light and shelter, and cannot withstand drought.  Arising from a dense shuttlecock, the fronds are more numerous and the pinnae more closely spaced than in P. aculeatum, the lowest on the frond hardly being any shorter than those half way up, again in contrast to P. aculeatum where the pinnae gradually decrease in length from the middle of the frond downwards. The pinnules are shortly stalked (setae, hence the name) the basal on each of the pinnae having a distinctive forward pointing basal lobe, and an obtusely angled base exceeding that of a right angle. In Essex it is most abundant along deep sunken streams in woodland, but it occurs sporadically in roadside ditches where plants are often stunted and ephemeral, and along shady disused railway line banks. In contrast to the situation in Norfolk and Suffolk, it is more widely distributed and abundant in Essex than P. aculeatum. It is quite commonly grown in gardens, and large plants often 'disappear' from the wild, but it is capable of effective dispersal and young plants turn up in new situations. The largest known population is along the deeply incised Bourne Brook at Curtismill Green. Recorded from c. 107 monads.

 

 
 
TQ(51)38 349,892 18 Walthamstow Reservoirs, 3 small plants on brick railway supports. 21 January 2008. Tim Pyner, K J Adams & Brian Wurzell.
TQ(51)39 393,929 18 Epping Forest, Highams Park. [NE of lake]. 1997. Amanda Samuels.
  396,915 18 White House Woods. 1973. Unknown recorder. City list.
  396,915 18 White House grounds, 2 large plants either side of path in the arboretum, apparently planted. 17 June 2013. K J Adams.
  397,980 18 Epping Forest, Bury Wood. 1993-1994, Amanda Samuels.
TL(52)30 379,068 19 Nazeing, several plants wall of R. Lee Navigation, nr. Carthagena Lock. 29 April 1991. Tim Pyner.

TQ(51)48

415,857

18

Manor Park Cemetery. 24 Jul 1986. PEM-not listed

TQ(52)49

400,930 18 Epping Forest, Woodford Golf Course. 1993-1994. Amanda Samuels.
 

409,929

18

Knighton Wood, in ditch along the edge. 1994. Amanda Samuels.

 

429,976

18

Baldwins Hill, end of Whitikers Way in garden and hedge. 1977-2009. K J Adams.

  434,985 18 Epping Forest, Oak Hill-Birch Wood. 4 May. 1995. Amanda Samuels.

 

474,937

18

Hainault Forest, with other ferns. 11 July 1987. Mark Hanson.

 

 

18

Hainault Forest, Cabin Hill ? 16 October 2002. Brian Ecott.

 

470,932

18

Hainault Forest, Roes Well. 20 August 2002. Brian Ecott.

 

407,983

18

High Beach, several plants on bank, Rat’s Lane. 2007. K J Adams.

 

????

18

High Beach, Turpin’s Cave, 1976. Owen Mountford.

  4079,9828 18 Epping Forest, Rat's Lane Bog stream, lowest end, colony of 10 plants some very large, K, J Adams & Tim Pyner.
  4114,9960 18 Epping Forest, Honey Lane, 1 large plant by stream near Boundary with Jewish Cemetery. 17 October 2009 K J Adams et Essex Bryology Group.
  49,98 - 50,98 18 Stapleford Tawney, Shales More, scattered plants on stream bank. 8 April 1995. Tim Pyner.

TL(52)40

40,01

19

Brook Meadow Wood, 1 plant bank of Cobbins Brook. April 1978. K J Adams.

  461,035 19 Wintry Wood, [small wood west of Wintry Park Farm] 3-4 large and several smaller plants by southern stream. 11 June 2013. Andy McGeeney.
  470,024 18 Epping, second wood north east of Stonards Lane, c. 12 plants along stream. 2005-2010. K. J. Adams.

 

4727,0366

19

Epping Lower Forest, large old crown with eaten off fronds.26 October 1980. K J Adams.

 

4719,0420

19

Epping Lower Forest, 1 small plant by Stump Road brook. 2010.

 

4713,0414

19

Epping Lower Forest, northern end, 1 small young plant,1980s. K J Adams.

TQ(51)58

5197,8612

18

Rush Green, one plant only on N bank of Ravensbourne, W side of Upper Rainham Rd. 13 April 2006. Bob Creber.

 

5714,8229

18

Belhus Woods Country Park East, 1 plant just south of brook in woodland. 31 October 2007. Mary Smith.

TQ(51)59

50,92

18

Havering Park, 1 large plant. 1980. K J Adams.

 

51,96

18

Curtismill Green, 20-30 plants by deeply incised Bourne Brook in woodland. 27 April 2002. K J Adams.

 

51,96

18

East end of Rayburn Road, woodland. 28 April 2006. Bob Creber.

  5515,9756 18 Navestock Side, Gipsy Bottom wood, single plant on bank. 22 May 2012. Adrian Knowles.

 

58,90 18 Warley Place , over 50 large plants and numerous young plants in cellar ruins and in old beds around the site. 29 October 2013. K.J. Adams.
 

58,91

18

Warley Place. Ronald Payne. [Flora of Essex 1974]

  58,91 18 Warley Place, probably over 100 large plants plus numerous young plants in brick ruins and all over site. 29 0ctober 2013. K.J.Adams.
  588,920 18 Brentwood, Clement's Wood, c.20 plants several medium in size, bank of  deeply incised stream. 13 November2013. K.J.Adams.
  5954,9910   Doddinghurst, one plant bank R. Wid. 30 May 2012. Adrian Knowles.

TL(52)50

52,03

18

Blake Hall Station platform. Ronald Payne. [Flora of Essex 1974]

  5715,0066 18 Stondon Massey, Courtfield Wood, 2 plants  along stream bank. 21 March 2015. David Dives.
TL(52)51 5410,1978 19 Hatfield Forest, 2 plants in ditch, one marshy ground nearby, just SE of dam. 16 May 1982. K J Adams et EFC.
  54005,19598 19 Hatfield Forest, stream draining the decoy pond, 16 plants. 8 December 2012. Tim Pyner et BBS.
  5416,1996 19 Hatfield Forest,  1 plant damp hollow edge of Gravel Pit Coppice under Sambucus. 21 September 2013. Pteridological Society.
  5433,1998 19 Hatfield Forest, Gravel Pit Coppice, 1 in damp hollow with c.10 D. affinis. 21 Deptember 2013. Pteridological Society.

TL(51)52

52,24

19

Stansted, churchyard, 1997. Shirley Watson.

  54127,20018 19 Hatfield Forest, edge of Gravel Pit Coppice, 1 plant in damp hollow with Athyrium. 8 December 2012. Tim Pyner et BBS.

TL(52)54

5725,4133

19

Shadwell Wood, 1 small plant by pool, 10 May 1981. David J Adams.

TQ(51)68 68,85 18 Thurrock D.C., Old Hill/Great Sutton Wood, boundary ditch bank. LoW site review
  68,87 18 Basildon D.C., Marks Hill Wood N.R., frequent 27 March 1994. Tim Pyner.
  68,87 18 Basildon D.C., Langdon Hills, Marks Hill Wood N.R.,frequent 1984-2011. Rodney L Cole.
  678,870 18 Basildon D.C., Langdon Hills, Butler's Grove, 1 plant 1974 increasing to several more by 1991. Rodney L Cole.
  693,865 18 Basildon D.C., Langdon Hills, shaded stream side near Dry Street. 1993. Rodney L Cole.
  681,856 18 Basildon D.C., Langdon Hills, to the north of Old Hill.1989 and 2011. Rodney L Cole.
  689,859 18 Basildon D.C., thicket near Northlands Wood.1991. Rodney L Cole.
  687,881 18 Basildon, D.C., near Hoppit Shaw. 1991.date? Rodney L Cole.
  699,862 18 Basildon, One Tree Hill, stream bank in small wood. 25 May 1985. Tim, Pyner.
  698,863 18 Basildon, Martinhole Wood, 7 plants, deeply incised stream bank,  14 June 2015. K J Adams and Richard Chapman.
  699,862 18 Basildon, Martinhole Wood, 12 plants deeply incised stream bank between two foot bridges.4 June 2015. K J Adams and Richard Chapman.

TQ(51)69

6233,9017

18

Thorndon Park South, 1 plant on bank.14 February. 1981. K J Adams & J M Adams.

 

6267,9005

18

Thorndon Park South, 1 plant by stream. 14 February. 1981. K J Adams & J M Adams.

  658,901 18 Dunton Wayletts, 2 plants streamside in small wood by A127. 1983. Tim Pyner.
  69922,97315 19 Stock C.P., garden bank Goat Hall, beside Green Lane bridleway. 2003. Chris Romer.

TL(52)60

647,007

18

Ingatestone, The Grove - single plant. 5 August 1989. Graham Smith.

 

663,041

18

High Wood, Edney Common, two plants. 1999. Graham Smith.

 

675,043

18

Writtle, South Wood, at least 5 plants. 2000. Graham Smith; 1 plant 19 January 2002. Tim Pyner.

  68514,00929 18 Margaretting Tye, 2 separate plants in bridleway, 200m south east of White Hart pub.c.2002. Chris Romer.
TL(52)62 62,21 19 Great Dunmow, Ash Grove, a few plants along stream bank. 8 March 2008. Tim Pyner.

 

622,215 19 Great Dunmow, Oak Spring, large colony along stream. 19 June 2007. Tim Pyner.
 

67,20

19

Fested churchyard. Pteridological Soc.

TL(52)63

66,31

19

Little Bardfield, old rectory coppice.Stanley T Jermyn.

TL(52)64 613,403 19 Radwinter C.P., Great Bendysh Wood, one medium sized plant under Beech woodland. 29 October 2015. K.J.Adams.
TQ(51)78 70,86? 18 Martinhole Wood, eastern stream. LoW review.
  78,88 18 Thundersley, Coombe Wood. frequent on stream banks. 3 May 1998. Tim Pyner.

TQ(51)79

747,995

18

Hanningfield, single plant, shady hedgebank, in field east of Hanningfield Water Treatment works. 26 April 2006. Adrian Knowles.

  736,965 18 South Hanningfield, Foxearth Wood, small quantity ditch side.  1983. Tim Pyner.
  7372,9675satel. 18 South Hanningfield, Foxearth Wood, 5 medium to small plants in stream, end of garden. 15November 2013. K.J. Adams.
  7378,9678satel. 18 South Hanningfield, Foxearth Wood, 1 medium plant by stream. 15 November 2013. K.J.Adams.
  72181,99819 18 West Hanningfield C.P., by stream opposiet Slogh House Fram (possible hybrid). 2003. Chris Romer.

TL(52)70

70,02

18 Galleywood Common, 2 plants in secondary woodland. 9 October 2004. Tim Pyner.
  771,049 18 Danbury Country Park, 1 plant on stream bank. 12 January 2008. Tim Pyner. Still there, medium sized plant just below bridge on west bank 7709,0496. 1 August 2013. K J Adams.
  77,05+

18 

Danbury Palace, in small wood. Stanley T Jermyn.

  7678,0480 18 Danbury Country Park, one large and two small shuttlecocks on waterfall rockery in NE corner of second lake downstream. 16 February 2012. K J Adams. One very small additional plant top of waterfall. 16 May 2013. K.J.Adams.
  784,044 18 Danbury Common, 2 plants, stream bank. 6 October 1985. Tim Pyner.

 

778,067

18

Little Baddow, Blake’s Wood, 1972. K J Adams; a few plants in several places, Tim Pyner 24 May 2008.

  77,06 18 Little Baddow, Blake’s Wood, a few plants in several places, Tim Pyner 24 May 2008.
  773,065 18 Little Baddow, Blakes Wood, one medium plant by wood bank. 10 April 2014. Tim Pyner et Wild Flower Group.
  7827,0574 18 Danbury C.P., Bellhill Wood, medium sized plant in ditch south side of track. 16 April 2015. K.J.Adams.
  789,061 18 Little Baddow C.P. c. 50 plants banks of main Twitty Fee valley. 10 April 2014. Tim Pyner et Wild Flower Group.
  790,060 18 Little Baddow C.P. ,one plant in spring head bog, 10 April 2014. Tim Pyner et Wild Flower Group.
  79008,06161 18 Little Baddow Heath, patch on streamsidenr. side valley from Poor's Piece. 2003. Chris Romer.
  79090,07093 18 Little Baddow C.P., single clump 50m east of Birch Wood, 30m north of Woodham Walter boundary. 2003. Chris Romer.
  793,071 18 Woodham Walter C.P., 1 medium plant along main stream, 2 small on northern tributary ditch, 23 April 2015. Richard Chapman & K.J.Adams.
  792,070 18 Woodham Walter C.P., 2 small plants on main stream. 23 April 2015. K. J. Adams.
  793,010   Woodham Walter Common, one medium plant on main stream. 23 April 2015. K.J.Adams
  79160,07113 18 Little Baddow C.P., 10+ clumps in woodland just east of Birch Wood, 20m north of Woodham Walter boundary.2003. Chris Romer.

TL(52)71

743,182

19

Rank’s Green, 2 plants (one large) roadside. 15 March 1959. K J Adams.

TL(52)72

7352,2205

19

Braintree Green, 1 plant in roadside ditch under tree root. February 1955-59. Now gone. K J Adams.

TL(52)73

79389,31405

19

Broak’s Wood. 2 plants on bank of deeply incised stream. 2010. K J Adams et EFC.

  793,312 19 Broak’s Wood. 2 plants on bank just east of path. 27 June 2009. Tim Pyner.
TQ(51)88 824,876 18 Belfairs N.R., 1 plant on bank of Prittle Brook. 6 February 2001. 1 large plant nearby. 21 Februaryt 2001. Tim Pyner.
  822,878 18 Belfairs N.R., 2 plants on bank of Prittle Brook.. 21 June 2007. Tim Pyner.
  841,889 18 Hawkwell, The Scrubs, on river bank. 26 December 1984. Tim Pyner.

TQ(51)89

8324,9039

18

New England Wood, 3 plants south bank of R. Roach. 30 May 1976. K J Adams & Ronald Payne.

 

8308,9038

18

South bank of R. Roach, 3 plants, just west of New England Wood. 30 May 1976. K J Adams & Ronald Payne.

 

8293,9038-8303,9037

18

South bank of R. Roach, 38 plants, west of New England Wood. 30 May 1976. K J Adams & Ronald Payne.

  83,93 18 Hockley, Marylands Wood, 1 plant on stream bank. 8 March 1986.
  834,919 18 Hockley, Great Bull Wood, 1 plant on stream bank. 20 July 1996. Tim Pyner.

TL(52)80

80,05

18

Thrift Wood. 31 May 1977. Richard Carter.

  811,073 18 Woodham Walter, Whitehouse Pit, several plants on loamy stream bank. 14 December 1997. Tim Pyner.
  80440,03093 18 Danbury C.P., 100m south west of Slough House, several plants on both side of footpath, 2002. Chris Romer.

TL(52)81

83,12

19

1983 Alan Wake; 1986. Terri Tarpey.

 

84,12

19

Wickham Bishops, nr. Fairplay House, garden variety. planted. [Flora of Essex 1974]

 

853,133

19

Little Braxted, Shut Heath Wood, 1 plant damp woodland. 1996. Tim Pyner; 2000. Terri Tarpey.

TL(52)82

836,291

19

Greenstead Green, lane hedgebank north of. Pteridological Soc.

 

8671,2508

19

stream bank on south edge of wood, 1 plant, 4 April 2008. Colin Austin.

 

87,24

19

1986. CNHS.

 

876,274

19

Chalkney Wood, 3 separate plants along east margin of wood northwards from this point. 1990 & 1994. Jeremy Ison.

 

8837,2791

19

Fern Hill track, west of Hickmore Fen, 2 plants nr. Path, 4 April 2008. Colin Austin.

TL(52)83

80,34

19

1988. Jeremy Ison.

 

87,34

19

1986. Terri Tarpey.

TL(52)84

82,42

19

Belchamo Otten, in wood and old gravel pit. Stanley T Jermyh,

TL(52)91

95,10

19

1988. Jeremy Heath, Terri Tarpey.

TL(52)92

922,287

19

1997. Dave Baker.

 

9685,2677

19

Spring Grove, West Bergholt, 2 plants by brook. 10 April 2008. Colin Austin.

 

9761,2801

19

Black Brook woodland, Boxted, 1 plant, 7 March 2008. Colin Austin.

 

968,205 19 Layer de la Haye, Heather Fields, single medium plant by stream. October 2010. K J Adams et Essex Bryology Group.

 

963,295

19

Great Horkesley, Pitchbury Wood, 1 plant along west boundary, 8 Jun 1997. Anne Guiver, Terri Tarpey.

  963,294 19 Great Horkesley, Pitchbury Wood, 1 plant on ditch bank. 8 June 1997. Tim Pyner.
  991,204 19 Berechurch, Friday Woods. 5 plants in old ruts. 17 February 2007. Tim Pyner.

 

99,25

19

1988. Chris Gibson.

TL(52)93

94,31

19

16 June 1987. CNHS.

TM(62)01

0505,1919

19

Fingringhoe Wick N.R. 1 plant by track, 1 August 1981.

 

05,19

19

1979, CNHMUS

TM(62)02

002,275

19

Colchester, High Woods Country Park, 14 July 1992. CNHS.

  00,27 19 Colchester, High Woods Country Park, 1 plant on stream bank. 19 October 1986. Tim Pyner.

 

035,220

19

Wivenhoe Woods, 5 plants; just south of small stream. 29 May 2001 Terri Tarpey.

 

035,220

19

Wivenhoe Woods, 1 plant by path. 1 June 1993. CNHS.

 

05,29

19

Ardley, churchyard. D.I.Chapman{Flora of Essex 1974].

 

07,23

19

Fratinghall Wood, Stnley T Jermyn.

TM(62)03

09,30

19 

15 February 1987.CNHS.

TM(62)11

121,157

19 

St. Osyths Priory, 1 plant in flower bed. 19 April 1981. K J Adams.

 

12,18

19 

1985. Bill Chisholm, Gordon Grogan.

TM(62)12

12,27

19 

1987. Ian Rose.

 

14,24

19 

1987.CNHMus.

 

17,26

19 

1985. Jerremy Heath

TM(62)13

11,31

19 

1984. Ian Rose.

 

1817,3192

19 

Wrabness, 11 large plants, north ditch of sycamore plantation between East and West Grove. 1 June 1975. K J Adams et EFC.

 

18,30

19 

Stour Estuary, 04-Apr-82. CNHS; roadside ditch.1997. Russell Leavett.

 

18,31

19 

Stour Estuary, 1985; 1999. Russell Leavett.

  18,31 19 Wrabness, Stour Wood, a few plants ditchbanks. 18 July 1999. Tim Pyner.

 

19,31

19 

Wrabness, Copperas Wood, stream bank.11 August. 1991. Tim Pyner.

 

19,30

19 

Stour Estuary, 1982.CNHS.

 

19,31

19 

gully on east edge. 1996, Russell Leavett.

 

19,31

19 

gully with west field

  196,317 19 Wrabness, Copperas Wood, frequent, steep gulley above stream by R. Stour. 1983. Tim Pyner.

TM(62)21

202,192 

19 

Great Holland Pits, N.R. 1978. EWT. 1991. heavily shaded bank by pond c.10 plants. Janie Berry, Anne Guiver, Jo Marshall. One plant October 2015. Bob Seago. after absence for many years.

TM(62)23

20,31

19

Copperas Wood, 1983, frequent streamside. CNHS & Tim Pyner; 1999. Russell Leavett.

Pre 1930 records:

      18 Lane nr. Barking, Edward Forster.   FLORA 1862.
      Epping, Thomas Moore
      18 Lane nr. Shenfield, W. L.P. Garnons.
      18 Great Warley, William Hind
      18 South Weald, William Hind
      18 Navestock, William Hind.
      Chelmsford, Arthur Wallace.
      19 Boreham, Horatio Piggot.
      19 Broomfield, Horatio Piggot.
      18 Writtle, Horatio Piggot.
      19 Hatfield Peverel, Horatio Piggot.
      Ulting, Horatio Piggot.
      19 Kelvedon, Ezekliel Varenne.
      Langford, Horatio Piggot.
      19 Mile End Heath, Colchester, W.L.P.Garnons.
      18 Between Hockley & Rayleigh, Henry Ibbotson.
      18 Near Rochford, Henry Ibbotson.