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As some people's computers do not have the capacity to load all the 'Cold News', entries 1-29 are cached separately.                                                                                        COLD NEWS 1-29 COLD NEWS 30-42

112) Salix daphnoides - Great Easton. VC19. note the scarlet bud scales and leaf bases plus glandular stipule. August 2023. Photo Ken Adams.

111) Stachys officinalis x Stachys palustris - in marsh by R. Chelmer. Monk Street, Thaxted V.C.19. August 2023. Photos Margaret Rufus. Note short leaf stalk, none in palustris, long in sylvestris.


110) Orobanche hederae Ivy Broomrape - growing on Eryngium planum in John Ratford's garden. June 2023. Photo John Ratford.

109) Chenopodium murale Nettle-leaved Goosefoot - flowers. Flower bed Whipps Cross Hospital. August 2021.Photo Ken Adams.


108) Silene gallica L. Small flowered Catchfly - several hundred plants The Hythe, Colchester. Found by Sven Wair 20 July 2021. TM01,24.

107) Hieracium vagum, H. salticola, and H. sabaudum - involucral bracts. Photo Ken Adams October 2020.

106) Samolus valerandi  - Brookweed Large colony in cattle grazed and poached  marshy corner of pasture. Walthamstow Marshes. Plants grazed. October 2020. Photo Ken Adams. Now an Essex rarity.


105) Helosciadium (Apium) repens - Creeping Marshwort is back on Walthamstow Marsh after a gap of 8 years following extensive management of the site [by cattle!]  Photo by Eamonn Lawlow site warden. September 2020. Note diagnostic characters - the peduncle 2x length of umbel rays and 5 leafy bracts at the base of the umbel. N.B. in the common Apium nodiflorum the umbels are usually almost sessile and there are only 0-3 narrow bracts.]


104) Scrophularia umbrosa - Green Figwort - Waltham Abbey. In ditch across Jewish Cemetery. Sept. 2020. A native species new to Essex. Found and photographed Ken Adams. Note the sharply serrated leaves and the winged stem c 0.8mm high.


103) Glyceria declinata  Small Sweetgrass - Lt. Bentley. Collected David Bain 29 July 2020. Note the 3 sharp lemma  teeth in addition to the two spine-like palea teeth projecting behind up the centre. Photo Ken Adams.

102) Lepidium latifolium  Dittander.  Vast population on Hythe Lagoons,  Colchester, photo Neil Harvey. July 2020.

101) Epipactis palustris Marsh Helleborine.  Thurrock . Photo Adrian Knowles June 2020.

100) Himantoglossum hircinum Lizard Orchid Our 4th site this century. Horndon on the Hill. June 2020. Photo John Little.


99) Melampyrum cristatum  Crested Cow-wheat. Wicken Bonhunt N.R. Photo by Jerry Lanfear. 26 May 2020.

98) Ranunculus parviflorus  Small-flowered Buttercup. Thorpe Gravel workings. Collected by David Bain. 26 May 2020.

97) Silene dichotoma  Forked Catchfly in a field at Fobbing. July 2019. Photo Graham Glombek.

96) Himantoglossum hircinum Lizard Orchid - a second occurrence in Essex since 1939. On a roadside bank at Braintree 2018 and 2019. Photo Ken Adams.

95) Euphorbia exigua  Dwarf Spurge  - in arable root crop fallow. Navestock.   25 October 2018. Photo Ken Adams.


94) Chaenorhinum  minus Small Toadflax - in arable root crop fallow. Navestock. Found by Enid Barrie  25 October 2018. Photo Ken Adams.

93) Cuscuta campestris  Yellow Dodder - parasitizing Niger, [Guizottia abyssinica] in David Dives' garden,

September 2018.

92) Chenopodium strictum Striped Goosefoot - a now common but overlooked arable and waste ground colonist.  October 2018. PhotoKen Adams

91) Rosa tomentosa - Harsh Downy-Rose -  hedgerow near Charity Farm, Gt. Bardfield. 1st Sept.2018. Photo Ken Adams 2018.

90) Tripleurospermum inodorum - Scentless Mayweed - the twin oil glands on the disc floret achenes. Photo Ken Adams 2018.

89) Mentha pulegium - Pennyroyal found by Ashley Pinnock on  Essex & Suffolk Water covered reservoir by Bedford's Park. Photo Ken Adams 2 August 2018. [N.B. new erect, xerophytic alien clone].

88) Eleocharis mitracarpa - 'Mitred Clubrush' found by Sven Wair in a pond at Basildon July 2018. A Mediterranean species New to Essex and possibly the U.K. Micrograph Ken Adams.

87) Hyoscyamus niger  - Henbane. Found and photographed by Ron Andrews west of Paslow Hall High Ongar C.P. arable margin. July 2018.

86) Lotus angustissimus  - Slender Bird's-foot Trefoil. Found in Wharf Road Cemetery, Stanford le Hope by Graham Glombek July 2018. New to Essex. Photo: Ken Adams.

84)  Carex filiformis - Downy-fruited Sedge. Population of at least 1,000 found by Graham Glombek in Martinhole Meadow, Langdon Hills in May 2018. New to Essex. Photo Ken Adams.

84) Conyza canadensis - Canadian Fleabane. Tendring area. August 2017. Photo Ken Adams.

85) Conyza sumatrensis - Guernsey Fleabane. Loughton. August 2017. Stages in development of the capitulum. Photo Ken Adams.



84) Catapodium rigidum var. majus - Fern-Grass. Colchester. August 2017. Found by Sven Wair and Steve Clarkson in two places. New to Essex. Note the 3-D nature of the branching c.f. normal form.

83) Bupleurum tenuissimum -  Slender Hare's-ear. St. Lawrence. August 2017. Photo Ken Adams.

82) Dipsacus laciniatus- Cut-leaved Teasel. All along west bank of M25 motorway at Brentwood. August 2017. Photo Ken Adams.

81) Serapias lingua - Tongue Orchid. Colony of c.100 plants found and photographed in a neglected meadow at Tiptree by James Pickering in June 2017. Grows nearest in Cotes du Nord, Brittany, France c. 300miles away, but also supplied by Charlshurst Farm nursery, Plaistow and grown quite widely as a garden plant (on RHS web site).

82) Agrostis viminalis- Brown Bent. Closeup of flower  from Laindon Common. June 2017. Photo Ken Adams.

81) Dactlyorhiza fuchsii - Common Spotted Orchid. Stunted, drought induced form from East Tilbury end of June 2017. Photographed by Simon Close. Identified by Richard Bateman. [note short spur - not a hybrid with Chalk Fragrant!].

80) Solvia pterosperma Spur-weed Caravan site, Waldergroves Farm, Mersea Island. May 2017. Paul Stanley & Keith Turner [new to Essex].

79) Spergularia bocconei Greek Sea Spurrey. Caravan site, Waldergroves Farm, Mersea Island. May 2017. Paul Stanley & Keith Turner [new to Essex].

78) Fumaria densiflora  Dense-Flowered Fumitory, from  edge of rape field, west of road Coploe Hill. May 2017. Stacked Photo Ken Adams. [Note the huge sepals].

77) Fumaria parviflora Fine-leaved Fumitory, from  edge of rape field, west of road Coploe Hill. May 2017. Stacked Photo Ken Adams. [Note the minute sepals].

76) Paris quadrifolia Herb Paris, from NW corner of Rowney Wood. May 2017. Photo Ken Adams.

75) Juncus subnodulosus Blunt-flowered Rush, from Walthamstow Marshes. September 2016. Photo Ken Adams.


74) Geranium rotundifolium Round-leaved Geranium, showing the uniquely red ovoid terminal cells of the leaf stalk hairs.September 2016. Photo Ken Adams.

73) Bupleurum tenuissimum  Slender Hare's-ear, showing the minute flowers and tiny developing fruits. Braintree verge. Septembner 2016. Photo Ken Adams.


72) Viola tricolor Wild Pansy. On waste ground Braintree. 7 September 2016. Note petals much longer than calyx . Photos: John Parish and Ken Adams.


71) Elytrigia juncea Sand Couch, showing the spine-like hairs that cover the longitudinal ridges on the upper surface of the leaf, that separate it from E. atherica Sea Couch. Bradwell Shell Bank, August 2016. Stacked micrograph Ken Adams.


70) Ulmus diversifolia Melville. The 'Dengie Elm' at St. Lawrence.   August 2016. Scroll down for leaf images.  Photos: by Ken Adams

69) Euphorbia x pseudovirgata. Photo: by Ken Adams shallow stacked image. Another Euphorbia flower to add to the collection on Hot News.


69) A first attempt to correlate colour patches on a saltmarsh with the dominant species from a Google Earth Satellite image. The transect was carried  out on the saltings at Wat Tyler by participants on the FSC salmarsh plants course in August 2016.

68) Limonium humile (Lax-flowered Sea Lavender). Scanned image of plant from south shore of Hamford Water opposite Horsey Island, showing the  wide spacing of the flowers in this species, now  being widely hybridised out elsewhere on the Essex coast by crossing with Limonium vulgare.

67) Nine of the Tendring Wild Flower 2020 Group at Beaumont, Photo being taken by Gay Watton, and missing 4 other members who didn't make it that day. August 2016. From left to right David Hooker, Bob Seago, Richard Ranson, Ken Adams (with hooked pole for aquatics!), David Bain, Gerry Slater, Graham Green, Kevin Marsden & Roger Hawes.

66) Parentucellia viscosa  (Yellow Bartsia). Found on disturbed ground Little Belhus Country Park 22 June 2016 by Colin Austen. Photo Colin Austen.

65) Herniaria hirsuta  (Hairy Rupturewort). Found in Langley Upper Green churchyard May 2016 by Enid Barrie. Note inset of leaf with patent hairs on margin. Photo Ken Adams.

64) Cerastium arvense  (Field Mouseear). Ickneild Way.Great Chishill. Vc19. 16 May 2016. Photo Ken Adams.

63) Epipactis purpurata (Violet Helleborine). Quendon Wood, August 2015. Photo John Skinner.[now a very rare plant in Essex].

62) Euphrasia nemorosa (Common Eyebright). Patches in bridleway Wrabness N.R. September 2015. Photo Gerry Slater. [now a rare plant in Essex]



61) Galeopsis bifida (left) and Galeopsis tetrahit  (two colour forms centre and right). Bifid & Common Hemp Nettle. Photos Ken Adams and Enid Barrie (centre form).


(60) Triglochin palustris Marsh Arrowgrass. Refound on Howlands Marsh in July 2015 by David Bain. Photo of single pair of flowers: Ken Adams. [N.B. a tiny plant compared with its maritime relative].

(59) Isolepis setacea Bristle Scirpus. A tiny, easily overlooked plant. Tilegate Wood, Rayleigh July 2015. EFC meeting. Photo Ken Adams.


(58) Polypogon monspeliensis x Agrostis stolonifera (x Agropogon lutosus). The most beautiful grass             I have ever seen. Like a giant Polypogon viridis but a gorgeous greenish-pink and with the long awns of the first parent. Foulness Island 28 June 2015. Photo from Enid Barrie's phone. 2nd record for Essex.

(57) Polygala serpyllifolia/vulgaris Heath/CommonMilkwort. We are not sure yet! Inner sepals very pointed but leaves alternate right to base (including scars of those that have fallen off). Hadleigh Downs, 6 June 2015. Photo Ken Adams.


(56) Cephalanthera damasonium White Helleborine. One of two plants, North Ockendon, the only known site in Essex. Found by Martin Higman, Photo Patrick Smith. May 2015.

(55) Dactylorrhiza fuchsii x D. incarnata. New to Essex, East Tilbury Marshes SSSI. Photo Ray Reeves 17 May 2015.



(54) Upright Spurge Euphorbia stricta (=serrulata). New to Essex, found on a verge at Kelvedon Hatch by David Dives, micrograph Ken Adams.

(53) Lizard Orchid Himantoglossum hircinum. The first occurrence in Essex since the 1930s,

a single spike at Black Notley, found and photographed by Alan Purdy June 2014.

(52) Sitka Spruce Picea sitchensis showing the rows of stomata on the underside of the leaves.

(51) Euphorbia characias subsp. veneta Mediterranean Spurge. From A12 Brentwood bypass. April 2014. Photo: Ken Adams. Note the softly hairy fruit and yellow hooked lunate glands.


(50) Dicranella rufescens Rufous Forklet-moss from Epping Forest, ditch bank SW of Claypit Hill. November  2013.  Photos: Ken Adams. Note narrow stiff leaves all turned to one side and red stem.


(49) Cystopteris fragilis Brittle Bladder Fern from Warley Place 2013. Found by Tim Pyner. Photo: left John Cannell, photo right: Ken Adams.


(48) Rumex x pratensis, our commonest dock hybrid (R. crispus var. crispus x R. obtusifolius), Epping Long Green verge. August 2012. Photo: Ken Adams. [N.B. valves the size of R. crispus much smaller than R. cristatus]. smll


(47) Galeopsis tetrahit Common Hemp-nettle, arable field, Finchingfield. August 2012. Photos: Ken Adams.
(46) Euphorbia helioscopa Sun Spurge, arable field, August 2012. Note the smooth capsule and rounded green glands on the cynathia. Photo: Ken Adams.



(46) Euphorbia amygdaloides var. robbiae - (Turkish Wood Spurge) base of wall Writtle. May 2012.Note the yellow lunate glands and the smooth capsule. Photo: Ken Adams.




(45) Euphorbia oblongata - (Balkan Spurge) found on a verge on a housing estate at Chelmsford. June 2012. Note the two yellow rounded glands on the cyathia, and the hemispherical-warty fruits. Photo Ken Adams.


(44) Polycarpon tetraphyllum - (Four-leaved Allseed) found by Mary Smith on several brick on sand forecourts on housing estate at Aveley. May 2012. New to south Essex. Photo Ken Adams.




(43) Hennediella macrophylla - patch of fruiting material photographed by Tim Pyner at Prittlewell Camp, Southend. 10 April 2012. Very unusual to see this rare moss fruiting so abundantly.